A Review of Environmental Noise Pollution and Impacts on Human Health in Rajshahi City, Bangladesh

Pramath Chandra Sarker, Md. Nur-E-Alam Siddique, Sabina Sultana


Noise pollution refers to excessive, unwanted, or disruptive sound in the environment. It can originate from various sources, such as road traffic, air traffic, railways, construction, using loudspeakers, industrial operations, and even household appliances. The purpose of the study was to review noise pollution and its effects on human health in Rajshahi City, Bangladesh. Most of the studies identified that the main source of noise pollution in the city is road traffic noise. The city is at a crossroads with prominent national as well as educational institutions like Rajshahi University, Rajshahi College, Varendra Museum, Bank of Padma River, Rajshahi University of Engineering and Technology, Hospital and Diagnostic Centre, BSCIC Industry, and numerous other educational institutions. All studies showed that noise pollution levels higher than the recommended acceptable limits were detected in various areas. Exposure to high levels of noise causes stress on human health, such as auditory, hearing, and nervous system damage, reducing productivity, insomnia, sexual impotency, respiratory, cardio-vascular, neurological, and outing damages, and limiting human life. It is recommended that affected sites develop a practical management approach for reducing noise pollution.


Banerjee, D. (2014). Association between Transportation Noise and Cardiovascular Disease: A Meta-Analysis of Cross-Sectional Studies among Adult Populations from 1980 to 2010. Indian Journal of Public Health, 58(2); 84–91

Bari, M., A. Biswas, and A. Baki (2017). Determination of Noise Level of Different Places of Rajshahi City. International Conference on Planning, Architecture & Civil Engineering (ICPACE 2017); 9–11

Bari, M. N., N. Rashid, and S. Sultana (2018). Determination of Noise Level at Rajshahi Medical College Hospital and Nearby Road. The 4th International Conference on Civil Engineering for Sustainable Development (ICCESD 2018); 9–11

Bari, M. N., M. Shahin, M. K. B. Olid, and M. J. Islam (2016). Noise Level of Important Places of Rajshahi City. First Conference on Research for Sustainable Development (FCRSD2016); 12–13

Basner, M. and S. McGuire (2018). Who Environmental Noise Guidelines for the European Region: A Systematic Review on Environmental Noise and Effects On Sleep. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(3); 519

Baudin, C., M. Lefevre, P. Champelovier, J. Lambert, B. Laumon, and A.-S. Evrard (2021). Self Rated Health Status in Relation to Aircraft Noise Exposure, Noise Annoyance or Noise Sensitivity: The Results of a CrossSectional Study in France. BMC Public Health, 21(1); 1–11

Das, P., Z. Haque, and M. S. Akhter (2017). Assessment of Sound Level at Different Locations of Rajshahi City. International Conference on Mechanical, Industrial and Materials Engineering 2017 (ICMIME2017).; 1–6

Evrard, A.-S., L. Bouaoun, P. Champelovier, J. Lambert, and B. Laumon (2015). Does Exposure to Aircraft Noise Increase the Mortality from Cardiovascular DiseaseiIn the Population Living in the Vicinity of Airports? Results of an Ecological Study in France. Noise & Health, 17(78); 328

Han, B. (2020). Associations Between Perceived Environmental Pollution and Health-Related Quality of Life in a Chinese Adult Population. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 18; 1–13

Hien, P. D., N. Men, P. Tan, and M. Hangartner (2020). Impact of Urban Expansion on the Air Pollution Landscape: A Case Study of Hanoi, Vietnam. Science of the Total Environment, 702; 134635

Kalawapudi, K., T. Singh, J. Dey, R. Vijay, and R. Kumar (2020). Noise Pollution in Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR): An Emerging Environmental Threat. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 192; 1–20

Khan, Z. H. and O. Ahmed (2023). Assessment of Noise Pollution in Rajshahi City and Remediation. World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 18(2); 346–351

Lagonigro, R., J. C. Martori, and P. Apparicio (2018). Environmental Noise Inequity in the City of Barcelona. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 63; 309–319

Ma, J., C. Li, M.-P. Kwan, and Y. Chai (2018). A Multilevel Analysis of Perceived Noise Pollution, Geographic Contexts and Mental Health in Beijing. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(7); 1479

Mesene, M., M. Meskele, and T. Mengistu (2022). The Proliferation of Noise Pollution as an Urban Social Problem in Wolaita Sodo city, Wolaita zone, Ethiopia. Cogent Social Sciences, 8(1); 2103280

M¨unzel, T., M. Sørensen, and A. Daiber (2021). Transportation Noise Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease. Nature Reviews Cardiology, 18(9); 619–636

Murad, M., M. Hossain, T. Jahan, F. Huq, M. Islam, et al. (2022). The Impact of Urban Sprawl in Sub Urban Area of Rajshahi: A Study in Kashiadanga Area. Universidad Polit´ecnica de Cartagena

Nassur, A.-M., M. Lef`evre, B. Laumon, D. L´eger, and A.-S. Evrard (2019). Aircraft Noise Exposure and Subjective Sleep Quality: The Results of the DEBATS Study in France. Behavioral Sleep Medicine, 17(4); 502–513

Nwe, N. S. Y. (2019). Public Perception on the Effects Of Environmental Noise Pollution on People’s Health (a Case Study in Kamayut Township, Yangon). Ph.D. thesis, MERAL Portal (Doctoral Dissertation)

Osmani, M. A. G. and M. E. Hossain (2020). Examining the Factors and Vulnerabilities of Children on the Streets in Rajshahi City of Bangladesh. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, 15(3); 279–288

Peris, E. (2020). Environmental Noise in Europe: 2020. European Environment Agency, 1; 104

Rahman, M. M., F. Tasnim, M. A. Quader, M. N.-U.- I. Bhuiyan, M. S. Sakib, R. Tabassum, I. A. Shobuj, L. Hasan, M. A. Chisty, and F. Rahman (2022). Perceived Noise Pollution and Self Reported Health Status Among Adult Population of Bangladesh. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(4); 2394

Riedy, S. M., M. G. Smith, S. Rocha, and M. Basner (2021). Noise as a Sleep Aid: A Systematic Review. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 55; 101385

Sørensen, M., O. Raaschou-Nielsen, A. H. Poulsen, U. A. Hvidtfeldt, J. Brandt, J. Khan, S. S. Jensen, T. M¨unzel, and J. D. Thacher (2023). Long-Term Exposure to Residential Transportation Noise and Mortality: A Nationwide Cohort Study. Environmental Pollution, 328; 121642

Sultana, A., A. K. Paul, U. Habiba, and M. R. Hossain (2022). Assessment of Potential Health Risk Due to Traffic-Induced Sound Pollution: A Study in Khulna City, Bangladesh. European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 6(2); 0117

Thompson, R., R. B. Smith, Y. B. Karim, C. Shen, K. Drummond, C. Teng, and M. B. Toledano (2022). Noise Pollution and Human Cognition: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Recent Evidence. Environment International, 158; 106905

Van Kempen, E., M. Casas, G. Pershagen, and M. Foraster (2018). Who Environmental Noise Guidelines for the European Region: A Systematic Review on Environmental Noise and Cardiovascular and Metabolic Effects: A Summary. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(2); 379


Pramath Chandra Sarker
pramath588@gmail.com (Primary Contact)
Md. Nur-E-Alam Siddique
Sabina Sultana
Sarker, P. C., Siddique, M. N.-E.-A. ., & Sultana, S. . (2023). A Review of Environmental Noise Pollution and Impacts on Human Health in Rajshahi City, Bangladesh. Indonesian Journal of Environmental Management and Sustainability, 7(3), 80-87. https://doi.org/10.26554/ijems.2023.7.3.80-87
Copyright and license info is not available

Article Details