The study was performed to determine the efficacy of dinotefuran in controlling housefly (Musca domestica) infestation on a commercial broiler farm. The efficacy of the two modes of application of the insecticide was compared to thiamethoxam. The experiment was divided into two groups with five treatments (T) and three replicates per treatment. The first group was scatter application composed of T1: control, T2: dry 20 g dinotefuran, T3: wet 20 g dinotefuran, T4: dry 20 g thiamethoxam, and T5: wet 20 g thiamethoxam. The second group was a paint-on application composed of T1: control, T2: 10 g dinotefuran with 10 g sugar, T3: 20 g dinotefuran, T4: 10 g thiamethoxam with 10 g sugar, and T5: 20 g thiamethoxam. Dead flies were counted after 15, 30, 60, and 120 minutes post-application. In the scatter group, the control was significantly different from dinotefuran and thiamethoxam, but no significant differences were observed between dinotefuran and thiamethoxam. Dinotefuran treatments from paint-on were significantly different from the other three treatments. Lastly, wet dinotefuran from the scattering bait group and dinotefuran treatments from paint were not significantly different. Wet and paint-on treatments of dinotefuran were effective for fly control in broiler farms.
Benett, S.M. 2008. Musca domestica (The Common Housefly). http:// www.the-piedpiper.com.uk accessed 25 Aug 2015
Berry, J.G. 2005. Fly Control in the Poultry House. Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Fact Sheets. Pp. 1-2.
Casarett, D.C, and Doull, J.B. 2003. Casarett and Doull’s Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons. 5th ed. McGraw-Hill, New York. pp. 290-291, 539-564.
Costello, B. 2003. Management of Flies in Layer Barns.Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries. Poultry Fact Sheet. (63604) Pp. 1-4
Cranshaw, W. 2014.Neonicotinoid Insecticides: Use, Characteristics, and Intersections with Pollinators. Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management.
Gupta, R.C. 2005. Toxicology of Organophosphate and Carbamate Compounds. Elseiver Science Publishing Co Inc. San Diego, United States.
Jin, B.L., Sulaiman, S., Othman, H.F. 2008. Evaluation of Imidacloprid against the Housefly Musca domestica Linnaeus in the Laboratory. J Trop Med Parasitol, 31:23-7.
Li, Q.F., Li, X., Hunag, J.B., Zhang, D.M., and Yuan, J.Z. 2015. Efficacy of cyantraniliprole fly bait against housefly (Musca domestica L.) under laboratory conditions. Parasitol Res DOI 10.1007/s00436-015-4584-y
Loftin, K.M. and Hopkins, J.D. 2014. Biology and Control of Flies in Poultry Facilities. Agriculture and Natural Resources. 7063 of FSA.
Matsuda, K., Buckingham, S.D., Kleier, D., Rauh, J.J., Grauso, M. and Sattelle, D.B. 2001. Neonicotinoids: Insecticides Acting on Insect Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors. Trends in Pharmacological Sciences. 22 (11) pp. 573-580
Mohamed, I.A., Mohamed, H.T., Abou-Elhagag, G.H. and Saba, R.M. 2015. Toxicity and field persistence of thiamethoxam and dinotefuranagainst cabbage aphid, Brevicoryne brassica L. (Homoptera: Ahididae) under laboratory and field conditions. Journal of Phytopathology and Pest Management. 2 (2) pp. 20-26.
Nauen, R., Ebbinghaus-Kintscher, U., Salgado, V.L. and Kaussmann, M. 2003. Thiamethoxam is a neonicotinoid precursor converted clothianidin in insects and plants. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology.76 pp. 55-69.
Rutz, D.A. 2000. Pest Management recommendations for poultry. Department of Entomology, Cornell University.A Cornell and Penn State Cooperative Extension Publication. Pp. 1-20
Steelman, D.C, Loftin, K.M. and Hopkins, J.B. 2013. Biology and Control of Flies in Poultry Facilities. Agriculture and Natural Resources.7063 of FSA.Pp 1-6.
Walker, C. 2015. Parasite Control In Poultry. Melbourne Bird Veterinary Clinic.pp 208-212.
Waranata, S., Panyim, S., Pakpinyo, S. 2011. The potential of house flies to act as a vector of avian influenza subtype H5N1 under experimental conditions. Med Vet Entomol 25: 58 -63.