Comparative Life Cycle Assessment for Improvement of Solid Waste Management System of Pariaman Coastal Tourism Area

Rizki Aziz, Syarah Nurunnissa


Sustainable tourism should provide environmentally friendly solid waste management. This study aims to assess the environmental impact of the waste management system applied to the Pariaman Coastal Tourism Area using the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) method and provide recommendations for improving an environmentally friendly waste management system. The aspects studied are limited to waste handling, waste, energy required and generated in the system’s operation. The study compared two scenarios of solid waste management; the existing (scenario 1) and the proposed one (scenario 2). The study was conducted on solid waste management of 170.51 kg/day. The impact assessment method used is CML-IA. The results of impact characterization showed that the impact of scenario 1 is higher than scenario 2 on Global Warming Potential (GWP) 7.5 times and Eutrophication Potential (EP) 90.6 times, while on Acidification Potential (AP) was lower 1.6 times. Activities at landfill sites contribute the most significant impact of GWP, AP, and EP. It is recommended to choose shorter collection and transportation routes, substitute the solid waste vehicles fuel, change the power plant source for composting machine, and apply the sanitary landfill with leachate treatment and gas processing.


Abduli, M., A. Naghib, M. Yonesi, and A. Akbari (2011). Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Solid Waste Management Strategies in Tehran: Landfill and Composting Plus Landfill. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 178(1); 487–498

Arlym, L. and D. Hermon (2019). Strategy of Ecotourism Development in Pariaman City. IOP Conference Series Earth and Environmental Science, 314(1); 012039

Aziz, R., P. Chevakidagarn, and S. Danteravanich (2016). Environmental Impact Evaluation of Community Composting by Using Life Cycle Assessment: a Case Study based on Types of Compost Product Operations. Walailak Journal of Science and Technology, 13(3); 221–233

Aziz, R., P. Chevakidagarn, and S. Danteravanich (2018). Composting System Improvement by Life Cycle Assessment Approach on Community Composting of Agricultural and Agro Industrial Wastes. Indonesian Journal of Environmental Management and Sustainability, 2(3);

Aziz, R., Y. Dewilda, H. Khair, and M. Faklin (2020). Pengembangan Sistem Pengelolaan Sampah Kawasan Wisata Pantai Kota Pariaman dengan Pendekatan ReduceReuse-Recycle. Jurnal Serambi Engineering, 5(3); 1188– 1194 (in Indonesia)

Aziz, R., D. Fitria, and Y. Ruslinda (2022). Environmental Impact Evaluation of Improved Market Waste Processing as Part of Municipal Solid Waste Management System Using Life Cycle Assessment Method. Ecological Engineering & Environmental Technology, 23(2); 60–69

Aziz, R. and Mira (2019). Study of Recycling Potential of Solid Waste of Tourist Area in Pariaman City. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 602(1); 012059

Cirotha, A., C. Di Noia, S. S. Burhana, and M. Srockaa (2019). LCA Database Creation: Current Challenges and The Way Forward. Indonesian Journal of Life Cycle Assessment and Sustainability, 3(2); 41–51

Col´on, J., J. Mart´?nez-Blanco, X. Gabarrell, A. Artola, A. S´anchez, J. Rieradevall, and X. Font (2010). Environmental Assessment of Home Composting. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 54(11); 893–904

Dobrzy´nska, E., M. Szewczy´nska, M. Po´sniak, A. Szczotka, B. Pucha lka, and J. Woodburn (2020). Exhaust Emissions from Diesel Engines Fueled by Different Blends with The Addition of Nanomodifiers and Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil HVO. Environmental Pollution, 259; 113772

Ferronato, N., L. Moresco, G. E. G. Lizarazu, M. A. G. Portillo, F. Conti, and V. Torretta (2021). Sensitivity Analysis and Improvements of The Recycling Rate in Municipal Solid Waste Life Cycle Assessment: Focus on a Latin American Developing Context. Waste Management,128; 1–15

Guangul, F. M. and G. T. Chala (2019). Solar Energy as Renewable Energy Source: SWOT Analysis. In 2019 4th MEC International Conference on Big Data and Smart City

Hadzic, A., N. Voca, and S. Golubic (2018). Life Cycle Assessment of Solid Waste Management in City of Zagreb, Croatia. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 20(2); 1286–1298
Krishna, I. M., V. Manickam, A. Shah, and N. Davergave (2017). Environmental Management: Science and Engineering for Industry. Butterworth-Heinemann

Liu, M., Z. Tan, X. Fan, Y. Chang, L. Wang, and X. Yin (2021). Application of Life Cycle Assessment for Municipal Solid Waste Management Options in Hohhot, People’s Republic of China. Waste Management & Research, 39(1); 63–72

Nurunnisa, S. (2020). Kajian Dampak Lingkungan Sistem Pengelolaan Sampah di Kawasan Wisata Pantai Pariaman Menggunakan Metode Life Cycle Assessment. Jurnal Teknologi dan Inovasi Industri, 1(2); 6–12 (in Indonesia)

Ozer, B. and A. S. E. Yay (2021). Comparative Life Cycle ¨Analysis of Municipal Waste Management Systems: Kirklareli/Turkey Case Study. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 28(45); 63867–63877

Pariatamby, A., M. Tanaka, A. Islam, G. Rasul, P. Manandhar, J. Parveen, and N. Ahmed (2014). Municipal Solid Waste Management in Asia and The Pacific Islands, Volume 201. Springer

Rajcoomar, A. and T. Ramjeawon (2017). Life Cycle Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste Management Scenarios on The Small Island of Mauritius. Waste Management & Research, 35(3); 313–324

Rydh, C. J. and M. Sun (2005). Life Cycle Inventory Data for Materials Grouped According to Environmental and Material Properties. Journal of Cleaner Production, 13(14); 1258–1268

Saheri, S., M. A. Mir, N. E. A. Basri, N. Mahmood, and R. A. Begum (2012). Life Cycle Assessment for Solid Waste Disposal Options in Malaysia. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 21(5); 1377–1382

Wiratini, A., Ni Nyoman and M. Utama (2020). Tourism Development in Improving Community Welfare in North Badung, Badung Regency, Bali. International Journal of Business, Economics and Law, 21(5); 232–238

Yay, A. S. E. (2015). Application of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) for Municipal Solid Waste Management: a Case Study of Sakarya. Journal of Cleaner Production, 94; 284–293

Zaman, A. U. and S. Lehmann (2011). Urban Growth and Waste Management Optimization Towards Zero Waste City. City, Culture and Society, 2(4); 177–187


Rizki Aziz (Primary Contact)
Syarah Nurunnissa
Aziz, R. ., & Nurunnissa, S. (2022). Comparative Life Cycle Assessment for Improvement of Solid Waste Management System of Pariaman Coastal Tourism Area. Indonesian Journal of Environmental Management and Sustainability, 6(2), 42-52.
Copyright and license info is not available

Article Details